Hamlet, not yet satisfied, is enforcing his lesson when suddenly the Ghost appears, and while rebuking him for his delay in taking vengeance upon the king, enjoins greater tenderness to the queen.
Hamlet therefore now feels secure on this point. His first object is to ascertain whether they have been set as spies upon him, and without much difficulty he turns them completely inside out, while the apparently irrelevant observations he makes from time to time, together with the confidence he pretends to repose in them as to his state of mind, impresses them with the idea of his insanity; none the less firmly that he deprecates such an idea by declaring that he is "but mad north-north-west.
From the outline already given it will be seen that the first of these hypotheses is assumed. That the strain upon him has been great in keeping up appearances is plain enough from the relief he expresses when left alone; and the soliloquy which follows betrays nothing of incoherence or mental derangement.
He probably further suspects that he is being secretly watched, and he can be quite certain that his words and actions Justification of hamlets sanity in shakespeares be reported to Polonius, that is, to the king. For a while we hear nothing more of him, for he is on his voyage to England.
But to all else, Horatio excepted, he has still to maintain his disguise; and when shortly afterwards Rosencrantz and Guildenstern come upon him, he instantly relapses into irrelevant language. He has therefore to plan some way of getting out of the difficulty, and the accidental form of the shouts to which he replies suggests, I think, the idea of baffling inquiry by the use of incoherent, or at least irrelevant, answers.
His first assumption of eccentricity or mysterious reserve is when to the shouts of Horatio and Marcellus, "Illo, ho, ho, my lord! But before stating reasons in support of this assumption, it will be convenient to consider the views of those who hold that Hamlet was more or less insane from the time at which the Ghost appeared to him.
His words at length penetrate to her soul, and she confesses her guilt.
The colloquy with the Ghost, who Justification of hamlets sanity in shakespeares the queen is invisible, leads her to imagine that her son is subject to some hallucination. Possibly under temptation they might, or at least Marcellus might, break an oath made to Hamlet alone; but an oath fortified by terrors of the supernatural is something too dread for any such treachery.
In his instructions to them, therefore, there is no admixture of "wild and whirling words"; nothing in fact that is not eminently judicious and to the point. How to cite this article: Then comparing his father and his uncle, he dwells on the noble nature of the one, and the vileness of the other; anticipates any excuses she might make by telling her that at her time of life a plea of having been carried away by love would be an absurdity, and that if passion dominated her it was all the more shameful in a matron.
The other fact is that, in the story from which Shakespeare takes his plot, the insanity of the hero is avowedly a disguise; and that while in the earlier quarto Shakespeare gives the imitation a much closer resemblance to reality, in the later quarto he softens down the picture, apparently in order that with his audience there may arise no misconception of the truth.
Such simulation, however, would be of no avail if Marcellus and Horatio were free to speak of the manner in which he had met their inquiries, and therefore he anticipates all risk by a confession that he may perchance hereafter think meet to put on a disposition similar to that already assumed towards them; while by a second oath of equal solemnity to the former one he binds them not so much as to give the faintest hint that if they chose they could explain his strangeness, and to this pledge as before the Ghost from beneath adjures them.
His mother thus sworn to amendment of life, and to secrecy as regards himself, Hamlet has effected his purpose with her. With them it matters nothing that he should appear in his sound senses; they are not likely to have either the opportunity or the wish to betray him.
While yet in conversation with Horatio, he is interrupted by the funeral procession bearing to her grave his fondly loved Ophelia, of whose death he is so far unaware. Incidentally, I have now considered the question whether Hamlet, though not mad at the outset, becomes so after the acting of the Court-play; and there remains only the theory that he was neither mad at any period nor pretended to be mad.
The first show of eccentricity, then, is immediately after the revelation made to him by the Ghost, and this is closely followed by the warning to Horatio and Marcellus that he may hereafter find it expedient "to put an antic disposition on.
But suddenly two letters arrive from him, one to Horatio, calm, practical, and exact; the other to the king, fantastic and exaggerated.
Now, this is not immediately after the Ghost has left him, for he has had time for considerable reflection, and for writing down a memorandum as to the oath he has given to the Ghost. His want of resolution to act immediately is indeed manifest, but it is as manifest to himself as to us.
As the oath is being administered, the Ghost from beneath three several times calls upon them to swear, and thus greatly emphasizes the sanctity of their pledge. On this question there are four different hypotheses: For the moment, anger at the trick sought to be put upon him evokes nothing but contempt for his victim, though later on contrition succeeds to his passionate outburst.
Turning from the dead body, he reproaches his mother with having blurred the grace of all womanly modesty, with having made marriage vows a hideous mockery, and religion a mere rhapsody of words.
But before separating from them he determines to bind his companions by an oath not to reveal what they have seen. Later on, alone with his one friend, Hamlet relates in minute detail the circumstances of his escape from being carried into England, and plainly announces his intention of killing the king.
Ray asserts that "the integrity of every train of reason is marred by some intrusion of disease: So, when summoned by the king, he befools him as before with witty extravagance, though when left alone again abandoning all incoherency of thought.
Hamlet, prince of Denmark.
Contrast his demeanour then with the instantaneous change upon the entry of the king; contrast it with his behaviour to Polonius while the play is preparing, and to Ophelia during the action of the play; note his irrepressible exultation, when alone with Horatio, at the success of his stratagem, and again the immediate resumption of his "antic disposition" upon the re-entry of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern.
If he could acquire a knowledge so intimate, so accurate, so profound, of madness in its various phases, what is there to hinder his endowing one of his characters with the power of assuming those phases? But over and above all this his feelings towards Ophelia place him in a perilous position.
Now I am not of course going to set my ignorance against the profound knowledge of these experts; I readily accept all the statements set out as to the symptoms of madness; and yet I deny the conclusion at which the experts have arrived.
There, as neither the sexton nor the clown knows him, he is free to talk without disguise, and the most critical disputants of his sanity would be at a loss to find anything in his remarks which savours of a disordered mind.In the play Hamlet by William Shakespeare Hamlet is sane but acts insane to fulfill his destiny of getting vengeance on his father's murderer.
Hamlet throughout the play seems insane but in reality it is only an act to achieve his goal of killing his father's murderer.
On this question there are four different hypotheses: (1) That Hamlet was throughout perfectly sane, but feigned insanity; (2) that Hamlet was after his interview with the Ghost more or less insane; (3) that in Hamlet insanity was latent, but was only fully developed after the Court-play; (4) that Hamlet was neither insane, nor feigned to be so.
Essay on Justification of Hamlet's Sanity in Shakespeare's Hamlet Words | 7 Pages Shakespeare's play "Hamlet" is about a complex protagonist, Hamlet, who faces adversity and is destined to murder the individual who killed his father.
Essay on Justification of Hamlet's Sanity in Shakespeare's Hamlet Words 7 Pages Shakespeare's play "Hamlet" is about a complex protagonist, Hamlet, who faces adversity and is destined to murder the individual who killed his father.
Sanity in William Shakespeare's Hamlet Essay - Sanity in William Shakespeare's Hamlet Hamlet is a play about a man who has had a father killed by his uncle, after this act of treachery the uncle then marries Hamlet’s mother.
Hamlet is sane in this play because prior to going “insane” he informs us he is going to. - Sanity, Insanity, Madness. - William Shakespeare's Hamlet is Sane In William Shakespeare's Hamlet, the lead character, Prince Hamlet of Denmark, has been interpreted in numerous ways.
Throughout the play Hamlet takes on different personas, making it hard define him as only one character type.Download